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What is a prostate cancer self-test?
The test checks the level of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood to check for a physiological change in the prostate. Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate – a small, walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that feeds and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Usually, prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate where it can not cause serious damage. Although some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and require minimal or no treatment, other species are aggressive and can spread rapidly.
Prostate cancer, which is recognised early – if it is still limited to the prostate – has a better chance of successful treatment.
For whom is the self-test suitable?
For men aged 45-75 at least once a year, or if you can answer yes to the following:
How does the prostate cancer self-test work?
The prostate cancer self-test determines whether the prostate specific antigen (PSA) in your blood is normal or higher than the average. PSA is a protein that is produced only by the prostate, but part of it can enter the bloodstream. So, the prostate cancer self-test can assess the condition of your prostate. Prostate cancer self-test results that are higher than normal (greater than 4 ng / ml) determine whether the prostate is benign or contains malignant growth.
Does it mean I have cancer in any case when the measurement is higher than normal?
No. Increased levels of PSA in the blood do not always mean that a man has cancer. If a PSA test is high to very high, it may indicate if the PSA level is above the mean (> 20 ng / ml). If the level has risen only moderately, other possible diseases or factors leading to a PSA increase must be taken into account.
Why should I do the prostate cancer self-test?
It is very important to track the change in your PSA throughout the year. The faster your PSA level increases, the greater the likelihood of developing a malignant tumor. The fact that prostate cancer cells release much more PSA in the bloodstream than in the entire prostate makes the prostate cancer self-test extremely valuable. Therefore, the prostate cancer self-test can be used successfully in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Doctors know that prostate cancer starts when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Mutations in the DNA of the abnormal cells cause the cells to grow faster and divide faster than normal cells. The abnormal cells continue to live if other cells die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Some abnormal cells may also break and spread to other parts of the body.
Factors that can increase your risk for prostate cancer are:
Complications of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer can spread in the vicinity of organs such as the bladder or through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to your bones or other organs. Prostate cancer, which spreads to the bones, can cause pain and fractures. Once the prostate cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it can still respond to the treatment and be brought under control, but it is unlikely that it will be cured.
Incontinence. Both prostate cancer and its treatment can cause urinary incontinence. The treatment of incontinence depends on the type you have, how strong it is, and the likelihood that it will improve over time. Treatment options may include medication, catheters and surgery.
Erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can be the result of prostate cancer or its treatment, including surgery, radiation or hormone treatments. Medication, vacuum devices that help with erection and surgery are available to treat erectile dysfunction.
You can reduce your risk of prostate cancer if you:
Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables. Avoid foods high in fat and instead focus on a selection of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can contribute to your health.
Whether you can prevent prostate cancer through a diet has yet to be proven. But a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables can improve your overall health.
However, there is evidence that men taking these medications are at increased risk for a more severe form of prostate cancer (high-grade prostate cancer). If you are concerned about your risk of contracting prostate cancer, talk to your doctor about it.
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