What does the thyroid self-test do?
Thyroid disorders are among the most common diseases in the world, especially in women, with an increasing proportion of the population suffering from a slow thyroid (hypothyroidism). The symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue and lethargy, weight gain, dry skin and embrittlement of the hair, forgetfulness and sometimes depression, coldness, permanent constipation and menstrual disorders in women. Thyroid Stimulating hormone (TSH), which is secreted by the pituitary gland, regulates and controls the activity of the thyroid gland. An elevated TSH value indicates a slow thyroid gland. This is the principle on which the thyroid test is based for the detection of hypothyroidism.
Whom is the thyroid self-test suitable for?
TSH screening should be performed annually by women aged 35-64 with a healthy lifestyle.
How does the thyroid test work?
The test is based on an immunochromatographic reaction. You have to take some blood and put it on the test. The TSH content in the blood gives an indication of the physiological state of the thyroid gland. The TSH content is calibrated to 5 μUU / ml according to international standards.
What is a thyroid?
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland in the neck. It forms two hormones that are excreted in the blood: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are needed to make all the cells in your body work normally.
Thyroid disease is very common and predominantly affects women, although all people – including men, adolescents, children and babies – may be affected. About every twentieth person has a type of thyroid disorder that can be temporary or permanent.
The thyroid is located at the front of the neck just below your Adam’s apple. It consists of two lobes – the right and left lobes, each about the size of a halved plum – and these two lobes are connected by a small bridge of thyroid tissue, the isthmus. The two lobes are on each side of the winpipe.
What does my thyroid do?
The thyroid produces two hormones that secrete them into the bloodstream. One is called thyroxine; This hormone contains four atoms of iodine and is often referred to as T4. The other is called triiodothyronine, which contains three atoms of iodine, often called T3. In the cells and tissues of the body, the T4 is converted to T3. It is the T3 derived from T4 or secreted as the thyroid T3, which is biologically active and affects the activity of all cells and tissues of your body.
What do my thyroid hormones do for me?
The T4 or the T3 derived from it and the T3 secreted directly by the thyroid affect the metabolism of your body cells. In other words, they regulate the speed at which your body cells work. If too much thyroid hormone is excreted, body cells work faster than normal and you have hyperthyroidism. For example, if you get hyperthyroidism due to high levels of thyroid hormone secretion, the increased activity of your body cells or body organs may accelerate your heartbeat or increase your intestinal activity, causing frequent bowel movements or even diarrhea.
On the other hand, if too little thyroid hormone is produced (known as hypothyroidism), the cells and organs of your body slow down. For example, if you have hypothyroidism, your heart rate may be slower than normal, and your bowel may work more slowly, causing constipation.
What can go wrong with my thyroid?
What are the most common symptoms of the most common thyroid disorders that I could experience?
Hypothyroidism: fatigue, feeling cold, weight gain, lack of concentration, depression.
Hyperthyroidism: weight loss, heat intolerance, anxiety and sometimes painful and grainy eyes.
Sometimes there are very few symptoms. The thyroid self-test will confirm if you have thyroid disease or not.
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